Ancient Egypt Pharaohs and Pyramids, History we share with you here some interesting facts about ancient Egypt, we will take you to a journey to the ancient civilization of Egypt to give you an introduction about the wonders of Ancient Egypt Pharaohs and Pyramids, History, people, Goddess and more.
The people of Ancient Egypt created one of the world’s earliest and longest-lasting civilizations.
It began in about 6000.B.C when farming villages spread along the banks of the Nile River.
Eventually, two kingdoms were formed: Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north.
In about 3100 bce, the land was united when a king of Upper Egypt conquered the north.
He was called the pharaoh and was seen as a living god. The Egyptians built the first large stone buildings,
including massive pyramid tombs for their pharaohs and temples for their many gods.
They invented a writing system called hieroglyphs, and, as a river people, they made almost all their
journeys by boat. Life in Egypt continued with few changes for almost 3,000 years.
Learn here about Ancient Egypt Pharaohs and Pyramids, History and Religion , Mummification
Ancient Egyptian people
Egyptian civilization was only possible thanks to the Nile River, which flooded every year,
leaving behind fertile black silt for farming. Hence, Egypt came to be called “the gift of the Nile.”
Beyond the narrow green strip of farmland on either side of the river lay barren desert.
Unlike the Mesopotamian rivers, the Nile flooded at the right time of year to plant crops.
The farmers could grow two or even three crops in one season.
Wooden sailing boats provided the main transportation system,bringing stone from the quarries
to building sites and food supplies from the fields to temples and towns the prevailing wind in Egypt
blows from the north, so sails were used to travel upriver. Traveling downriver.
People rowed, carried along by the current.
The pharaoh was Egypt’s ruler and chief priest and spent much of his time performing
religious ceremonies. He was seen as the living representative of the sky god, Horus, who took
the form of a hawk. Thought to be divine, he was worshiped as a god after death. The word
Pharaoh comes from the Egyptian word “per-aa,” meaning great house or palace.
The Egyptians invented one of the first writing systems called hieroglyphs.
These were picture signs standing for sounds, words, and ideas. Scribes, with their skill at writing,
organized the harvest and the great building projects. By controlling the supply of materials.
Workers, and food, they made it possible to build pyramids and temples.
Hieroglyphs were carved on stone or written on sheets of papyrus, a material made from water reeds.
Egyptians believed that after death the souls of the dead had to be reunited with their bodies which
were preserved in a process called mummification, the dead person’s liver, stomach, intestines, and lungs
were removed and stored in four containers called canopic jars, each protected by a different god
The body was then dried, stuffed, and wrapped with bandages.
Early pharaohs were buried beneath low mud-brick tombs called mastabas, which served
as royal palaces in the afterlife. The first pyramid was created by a pharaoh named Djoser who placed six stone mastabas of decreasing size on top of one another. Djoser’s step pyramid may have represented a huge stairway,
helping the dead pharaoh’s spirit to climb into the sky. Some years later, a pharaoh named Sneferu
(ruled 2575–2551 bce) improved Djoser’s design by building the first smooth-sided pyramids.
The Egyptians worshiped many gods who watched over everything that happened on Earth
and in the afterlife. Gods could take different forms and might be shown as human or animal
or a mixture of the two. The Egyptians believed that the ram god Khnum was a potter who made
the first people out of clay and also shaped every baby before it was born beside the ancient Egyptian had more than 1000 Gods and Goddess each town and village had its own protector God or Goddess so the ancient Egyptian religion is very rich source to study.
This is some nots about Ancient Egypt Pharaohs and Pyramids, History and Religion hope you like it.
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or Nile cruise adventure on the Nile please browse these links you will find the best of EGypt tour packages