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Alexandria Best Sightseeing
Your travel guide to the best tourist attractions in Alexandria .
We will take you in a journey to discover the best of Alexandria attractions & Sightseeing such as Alexandria National Museum and Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa Pompey’s Pillar and Qaitbey fortress and all the best places that you should visit in Alexandria city in Egypt
History and Events of Alexandria
History of the city at glance. from 30 B.C till Modern time.
Alexandria city became one of the most famous cities of the Ancient world since its foundation by Alexander the great in 330 B.C from it glorious days as the cultural center of the Hellenistic world
Alexandria city became the most important city in the ancient world thanks for the king Ptolemy the first who completed what Alexander the great started in his city.
Ptolemy the first or Soter ( the Savior) he was one of Alexander’s genrals , he returned the body of Alexander the great , to Alexandria after his death ( Alexander) in Babylon and he built for Alexander the great a unique tomb still uncovered until now a days.
Many explorers and expeditions tried to find the tomb of Alexander the great but they failed, Ptolemy first made many achievements he established the library (Bibliotheca Alexandrina) it was the biggest Library in the ancient world after Ptolemy first came his successors and established the Pharos the light house of Alexandria was one of the Ancient Seven Wonders of the world.The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled Alexandria from 323 b.C until 30 B. C the last queen was the famous Cleopatra, she ruled Egypt after the assassination of her brother-husband Ptolemy 13th.
She received a support from Julius Caesar in 41 B.C. he helped her to ascend the throne of Egypt. Cleopatra married from Caesar and traveled with him to Rome then Caesar was assassinated by his Rivals they intended to kill Cleopatra also, but she escaped from Rome, thanks for the help of the new lover Mark Antony.After the assassination of Julius Caesar, the Roman Empire was divided between Antony and Octavion
Mark Antony controlled Egypt then he married from Cleopatra after that the relation between Antony and Octavion, the relation became very bad so the famous Actuim war started 30 B.C.Cleopatra fought with Antony against Octavian then they have been defeated by Octavion who entered Alexandria in 30 B.C because of this Defeat Cleopatra and Antony commit suicide in 30 B.C. By her death Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire from 30 B.c till the Arab period in 642 A.D then the Capital of Egypt was changed from Alexandria to El-Fustat or Old Cairo. Therefore Alexandria Lost its prestige as a political capital of Egypt in the Arabic period but the city was the center of trade and culture and played very important role in the time of Muhamed Ali and the modern history.
Look at the Best Tourist Attractions in Alexandria.
Alexandria city one of the main tourist destination and vacation spots in Egypt. Alexandria is known by the bride of the Mediterranean Sea and it has many famous attractions.We will take you for a historical tour to the best sights of Alexandria and what you should do during your visit to Alexandria city.
The National Museum of Alexandria.
The National Museum of Alexandria opened in 2003. Its collections are housed in modern villa , which was built for the wealthy merchant Bassili Pasha and was more recently home to the American consulate. The museum documents the history of Alexandria from the Pharaonic era through the 19th century. It has about 1,800 objects include statues and coins recovered from under the waters of Alexandria’s bay, Coptic icons, weapons from the Islamic era and chinaware, the museum consist of 3 floors.
Opened from 9 Am to 4 Pm everyday.
Komel-Shokafa the Catacomb tomb
Kom el-Shuqafa the Catacomb represent the largest known Roman burial place in Egypt. With three tiers of tombs that could accommodate up to 300 corpses. the architectural style of the tomb mirrors Greco-Roman styles. This can be seen in the wall decoration, which shows a unique combination of Egyptian, Greek, and Roman artistic traditions. Later, the tomb was most likely expanded to allow for the burial of more corpses the tomb is opened daily but it suffering from underwater, No photo. The Catacomb is the best tourist attractions in Alexandria and Must-See place in Alexandria.
The Roman Amphitheater in Alexandria.
Located in the heart of Alexandria city very close to the train station Kom el-Dikka is an extensive
Roman theatrical and residential complex. It includes the only known Roman amphitheater in Egypt.
It is an impressively well-preserved structure composed of thirteen terraces. This was constructed in the traditional Greek style
Current excavations at the site have uncovered Roman baths, lecture halls, and a small village, the centerpiece of which is the Villa of the Birds, a large house filled with beautiful mosaics. At the site is a small outdoor exhibition of Pharaonic and Greco-Roman era objects that have been found under waters of the nearby harbor.
Pompay’s Pillar and the temple of Serapis in Alexandria.
It is now an impressive Open-Air Museum and one of the finest archaeological examples of the Greco-Roman Period.
in Egyptian history Pompey’s Pillar itself stands at the top of a hill in the oldest part of the city of Alexandria, it was a huge temple for Serapis the main god of Alexandria.
The Pharos & the libaray
The Pharos lighthouse, which had been in use for some 17 centuries it was one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World it was an architectural miracle it was about 125 meters high.
It was destroyed by Earthquake and in the Mamluk time Sultan Qaytbey re-used the stones of the light house to build his fort to protect Egypt from the north borders.
Bibliotheca Alexandrina: it was the biggest library in the ancient time it has had more than 70,000 of Papyrus Scrolls and the intellectual center of the Hellenistic world.
Now the Library of Alexandria was reborn in October 2002 by the Egyptian government and UNESCO to reclaim the mantle of its ancient namesake it is not just an extraordinarily beautiful building; it is also a vast complex where the history, philosophy, arts, and science come together. Moreover, the myriad activities it offers have made it a place for open discussion, dialogue, and understanding between the different cultures the massage of the new library is the peace.
This was a simple guide to Alexandria city includes what you should visit and do browse our day trips to Alexandria and pick yours.
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