The Great Sand Sea in Egypt an ultimate guide to explore the great Sand Sea and best things to do in the western desert of Egypt and The Great Sand Sea Adventures Safari travel to the Desert of Egypt.
The Great Sand Sea is an approximately 72,000 km² sand desert region in North Africa stretching between
Western Egypt and Eastern Libya.
The biggest and most dangerous dune field in the world is the Great Sand Sea also called the Libyan Erg. Entire armies have disappeared in the desolate expanse that creates one of the most spectacular vistas in the CJ world to this day it remains one of the great unexplored areas on earth. The sea begins southwest of Siwa Oasis and, running west of Farafra and Dakhla oases, it travels south for over 800 kilometers (497 ( miles) to the Gill Kebir. Its dunes can reach 150 meters nothing lives in the Great Sand Sea except the occasional migratory bird which touches down for a rest. To some the sea is a waste land, to others a vast mystery waiting to be solved.
The first European to enter the Great Sand Sea, and the man who named it, was the German explorer.
Gerhard Rohlfs in 1874 he surveyed the Western Desert for the Khedive Ismail. He didn’t plan to
explore the sea, he didn’t know it existed. All he wanted to do was go from Dakhla to Kufra. Well.
the sea was in his way and by the time he realized he couldn’t cross it, it was too late. Exhausted and out of water, the expedition seemed doomed. But in one of those strange twists of fate the heavens opened and rain came down in torrents in a place where it may rain a few drops every ten years, The rain saved Rohlfs
life. He replenished his water supply and headed north. Before. he left, he marked the spot with his cairn and named it Regenfeld (Rainfield)
In his journal he wrote, Will ever man’s foot tread this place again? Man did tread again. The existence of hitherto unknown, places acts he as a magnet to explorers and scientists alike. John Ball, the English surveyor, stepped off from Dakhla Oasis and went 322 kilometers (200 )1e miles) around the southeastern edge of the sea in 1917. Not satisfied, de he came back again, this time with Prince Kamal el Din, an Egyptian geographer and explorer, to continue the journey and find Regenfeld, to which they did. Like Ball, Colonel de Lancey Forth made two journeys a between 1921 and 1924.
First he followed the route used by Rohlfs, and then he approached the sea from the north via Siwa. Forth was astounded, and probably pleased, to find evidence that people had d lived in this area during Neolithic times. But it was the soldiers of war who did most to solve the riddles of 6 the Great Sand Sea. The Long Range Desert Group of the British Army n marched out of Ain Della and into the dunes along a 20 mile wide corridor. The team often traveled the route in the 1930s and 1940s to spy upon the Italians in Libya and, in the hope of creating a permanent route, marked the path along the crest of the dunes with rubbish, petrol cans, and stones. The route continued to be used in World War II.
One of the many unsolved mysteries of the Great Sand Sea are the large chunks of silica green glass lying between the dunes. Although there is evidence that it was worked by prehistoric man, it is not man-made glass, but a natural formation. It was discovered by soldiers in the early 1930s. The glass, streaked with grey and pale green in color, can be clear or cloudy, and weighs anything from a few grams to 7.25 kilograms .It has been found as far afield as Abu Ballas and Gilf Kebir and-its origin has been a mystery since it was first discovered.
A number of expeditions have ventured into the Great Sand Sea to find the answers to this mysterious glass, and pieces ‘have been sent to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. for examination. One of the early theories was that the glass was extraterrestrial, not from the earth at all. This opened up plenty of speculation, but in the 1980s new, more earthbound theories were proposed. The discovery of an-dent lakes in the area led to the most recent theory: super-saturated silica deposits left in the dried-up cracks of an ancient lake bed, through a complicated chemical reaction, produced the glass. Today the wilderness we call the Great Sand Sea is still there, as desolate as ever.
The great rock in the Sand sea
But with Landsat images, taken by satellites, we know exactly how big it is and exactly where it is.
In fact, we can actually count the number of dunes. That doesn’t make it any more hospitable, people still don’t go there it is one of the earth’s last frontiers and will probably remain so for years to come.
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