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All Nubian Monuments and Attractions on Lake Nasser

All Nubian Monuments and Attractions on Lake Nasser

The Nubian history of Egypt fill with historical events, facts and wars from the old Kingdom Till the Greco-Roman era but the golden age of Nubian history was in the New Kingdom Egyptian Pharaohs started to give attention to this part and use its treasures especially gold The ancient Egyptian called this area NUBIA come from word NUB which means Gold and NUBIA means land of Gold,, this part of southern Egypt wasn’t under the control of the Pharaohs Until the kings of the New Kingdom started to control these lands and build temples and new roads To connect Kemet (Egypt) to Nubia and make the people of Nubia under the control of the pharaohs

Egyptian Kings from the New Kingdom to the Romans built temples along the Nile in Lower Nubia between the First and Second Cataracts and there they stayed, in various stages of ruin, until the early 1960s, when the Aswan High Dam was built and Lake Nasser began to fill behind it.

An international effort to rescue the temples and other archaeological sites was undertaken under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Many temples, including those described below, were moved to higher ground, the best well-known of which was Abu Simbel. Others were dismantled and given to donor countries such as Spain, Italy, Germany, and the United States. But hundreds of archaeological sites, including some temples, were inundated and remain under the waters of Lake Nasser.

The Top Places to Visit Behind the High Dam in the Nubian Land!

Qasr Ibrim:

(Arabic: “fortress of Ibrim”), the only surviving Nubian archaeological sites that were not moved remained in their original position on the east bank but now that “east bank” is on an island in the middle of Lake Nasser. Some inscriptions date use of the site as early as the 17th dynasty, but the ruins seen today are Coptic from the 7th century CE

Temple of Dakka:

This temple of Thoth was moved to New Sebua from its original site some 25 miles upstream in the late 1960s. Original construction began ca. 220 BCE and was continued by several Ptolemaic kings and then, in the Roman period, by Augustus and Tiberius. It is the only temple in Nubia that is oriented north-south to parallel the course of the Nile. The huge pylon, unusually separated from the temple proper, was added by the Romans and contains storerooms in its three interior levels.

The temple Derr

Presently located at New Amada, the temple of Derr originally sat on the Nile’s east bank a few miles to the south. Dedicated to the sun god, Re, it was built by Ramses II to observe his first 30-year Sed festival. It included statues of Ptah, Amun-Re, Ramses II, and Re-Horakhty as at Abu Simbel. When Christians converted it into a church, much of its decoration was destroyed.

Temple of Kalabsha

The temple of Kalabsha is the largest free-standing temple in Nubia. Originally it stood about thirty miles south of the High Dam at Aswan before being moved to its present site, New Kalabsha, immediately south of the dam. Built-in the later Ptolemaic period and continued by Augustus, it was dedicated to Horus-Mandulis (a Nubian god), Isis, and Osiris. Like others of the Nubian temples, it was later converted into a church.

Amada Temple Tuthmosis III

The temple of Amada, originally located about 112 miles south of the Aswan High Dam, was moved, as a single unit, one and one-half miles to New Amada. It is the oldest of the Nubian temples, dating from the New Kingdom rulers Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II, with additions by Tuthmosis IV. Then Seti I and Ramesses II did repairs and minor additions. The temple was dedicated to Amun-Re and Re-Horakhty but was desecrated during the Amarna period. However, it still contains important historical texts concerning, e.g., a military campaign into Asia.

Tomb of Pennut in Nubia

Pennut’s title in the administration of Ramses VI was “Deputy of Wawat and Miam.” The only Nubian tomb rescued by UNESCO’s project, it presently is located opposite Qasr Ibrim, some 25 miles away from its original site.

Wadi Al-Sebua temple

This temple, originally a few miles east of its present location at New Sebua, was built by Ramesses II. It once had three pylons, the third of which survives. In the court past the first (now non-existent) pylon are six human-headed sphinxes wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. In the second court, falcon-headed sphinxes. Then the third pylon with one of the original four colossi of Ramesses remains. The temple, dedicated to Amun-Re, Re-Harakhti, and the deified Ramesses

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