The Pyramids of Giza
Visit Giza Pyramids
Learn and study about the Mysteries, facts and the History of the great pyramids of Giza and Sphinx the last remaining Wonder of the Ancient World, Explore the pyramids of Giza through photos, diagrams and Video; plus, useful information and facts on how Pyramids of Giza were built? and the latest discoveries and Scans of the great Pyramid of Khufu. we will take you to a journey to the Facts and Mysteries of the Pyramids of Giza.
When the pyramids of Giza were built?
The ancient Egyptians built Their pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. The Giza pyramids were constructed between 2589 and 2504 B.C. the ancient Egyptian pyramids of king Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, built in that order, are a testament to ancient planning and engineering.
Why were the Pyramids built?
The Egyptian pharaohs built their pyramids as tombs for the kings and queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. There are about Hundred pyramids known today from ancient Egypt the most famous of them are the Pyramids of Giza.
The ancient Egyptian built their Pyramids and tombs because they believed in life after death or the resurrection which means they will come to life again that is why they used to make the mummies also in order to protect their Mummies and their treasures , they built these pyramids as tombs.
How The Pyramids of Giza were built?
How The Pyramids of Giza were built?
There are many theories about how the pyramids were built. one of the funniest and strangest theories , it that aliens who built the pyramid of Khufu but thanks for the hard work of the archaeologists.Who solved the mystery of the pyramids building, there are many theories about how the ancient Egyptians
built the pyramids. Here I present few of the most popular ideas about how were the pyramids of Giza built.
The Building of the great Pyramids were very simple and geniuses in the same time.All the archaeologists and the Egyptologist agreed on the theory of the ramps and there were 2 kinds of ramps , the spiral ramps and the uprising ramps to lift the stones from the bottom to the top
These ramps lubricated by oil and water to make the stones easier to move to the top.
THE GREAT PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
Did You Know that?
The pyramid’s were smooth, angled sides symbolized the rays of the sun and were designed to help the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the sun God Ra.
The great pyramids of Giza are the most famous of all ancient Egyptian monuments, each pyramid was a part of large complex , the Giza plateau contains not only the Three pyramids of Giza but it contains Ten Pyramids for the kings of the fourth Dynasty and their queens. The most famous Pyramid in Giza and in all Egypt of course King Khufu’s Pyramid The Great Pyramid of Khufu not only the most famous historical place in Egypt but in the whole world
The Top 10 Facts and Secrets of Khufu's Pyramid the Great Pyramid
The Great pyramid of Khufu is considered the top historic place to visit in Egypt and always in the bucket list of every one in the world the great Pyramid of Khufu is rated to be the first place from the Must-See Places in your life time. There are so many interesting facts about the great Pyramid of Khufu that it baffles scientists, archaeologists, astronomers, and travelers. Here are the facts:
Here are the Facts of the great pyramids of Khufu.
1. Khufu’s pyramid is estimated to have around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2.5 to 15 tons each and the total weight of the Pyramid is 6 Million tons.
2. The Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu are precisely aligned with the Constellation of Orion belt.
3-The base of the great pyramid covers 55,000 m2 with each side greater than 20,000 m2 in area.4. The interior temperature of the Great pyramid is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 Degrees Celsius.
5. The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes.
6. It was originally covered with fine white limestone casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel.
7-Aligned True North: The khufu’s Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was exactly aligned at one time.
8- The pyramid of Khufu had a swivel door entrance at one time. Swivel doors were found in only two other pyramids: Khufu’s father and grandfather, Sneferu & Huni respectively
When the great Pyramid was completed by Khufu, it rose 146 M approximately the height of a modern, 35-story office building. Today, with the loss of the some of the stone, the pyramid is slightly shorter, measuring 138 m It was The tallest building in the world until the 14th century, when the Lincoln Cathedral was completed in England.
9- Microscopic analysis of the coffin reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of more than 2 tons.
10. The Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis, circa 2170-2144 BCE. This was the North Star at that point in time. No other star has aligned with the passage since then.
The pyramid of Khafre or Chefren’s Pyramid
King Khafre was the son of king Khufu he built his Pyramid beside the Great pyramid of Giza
although smaller than Khufu’s, was on a slightly higher elevation so from the panorama point you can notice that the second Pyramid is higher than Khufu pyramid but actually the Khafre’s pyramid is only 137 M high, this pyramid is considered the best preserved pyramid in Egypt simply because it still has it is original capstone of the white limestone like it was before.
This Pyramid was entered by Italian explorer Bilzoni and he didn’t find anything so he wrote his name inside the Pyramid and the date he entered 1818.
The Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx is the guardian of the Pyramids of Giza it is couching in front of the second pyramid of King kharfra the statue is curved from one block of stone 57 M long and 20 M high the head only is 5 M many archeologists believes that the Sphinx is older than the Pyramids some goes so far to say
It is built from 10000 years ago the Statue is in good condition the nose is broken there are many theories about that some says it is because Napoléon used the nose of Sphinx as a target for his military exercises or maybe because of the wind erosion
The Sphinx still gives glory to Giza Plateau you also sphinx is one of the must-see places during your Egypt tours
The pyramid of Menkaure in Giza
With a height of 65 m and a base of 102 by 105 m, Menkaure’s is by far the smallest of the three pyramids. Its complex includes three queens’ pyramids on its south side. The entrance way for Menkaure’s pyramid is located just above ground level, its passages leading to an antechamber and burial chamber. An ornate sarcophagus was found in the 19th century by Howard Vyse but it was lost when the ship that was taking it to United kingdom, the Beatrice, sank.
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